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The Metropolitan Jerusalem Master Plan

The Metropolitan Jerusalem Master Plan


Sustainability in Jerusalem

Simulated imagery of Golomb Street

in Bayit VeGan after implementation

of a pedestrian conveyor belt

Sustainability in Jerusalem


The Ecological Smart Street

Innovative conveyor belts, smart use of trees, smart construction of street

networks – wise use of these concepts will make getting around the city

convenient, pleasant, and more ecological.


he biggest potential for energy

savings in transportation is in

lowering the amount of travel within

the metropolis. This can be done without

harming the quality of life for residents or

visitors while at the same time improving

the daily experience and easing mobility

for people in the metropolis. Recently

the Ministry of Environment decided to

transfer 3 million shekels to the Jerusalem

budget in order to promote plans to

encourage a decrease in city travel.

The Jerusalem 5800 Plan sets three tools

for achieving this purpose:


Making all streets in the region

comfortable, shaded areas.


Creating a “network” of routes and

multiple options for getting to any



Establishing a network of free public

pedestrian conveyor belts.

Israelis waste a lot of time driving. About

50% of all inner-city travel are short trips

(up to 2,000 meters): driving the kids to

school in the morning, or running errands

such as the post office, pharmacy, or the

bank. Each person’s decision to do these by

car or by foot is very much influenced by

how convenient it is to get around.

A person walking an average of 5 km/

hr will cover 2 km in 25 minutes. Research

shows that when there is a convenient

alternative to driving, like a pleasant, shady

walk, many people will give up the short

drives, which are half of all city driving,

and walk. If indeed half the driving were

to take place in the city, use of petrol and

air pollution would decrease in accordance.

Pollution from cars could be lessened

to a third of current levels by switching

from tree-shaped street planning to grid-

shaped planning. Grid planning allows one

to always chose the shortest route, saving

time and lowering distances, which cause


The air pollution from cars can be cut

in half again by incorporating moving

sidewalks throughout the city. Space for

such a sidewalk could be set apart on any

sidewalk wider than 2.2 meters. The source

of energy for the sidewalk would be solar,

and its use would be free. The average

speed would be 10km/hr (twice the speed

of walking). This would mean that people

could “walk” greater distances by sidewalk

and the number of trips taken in the city

could be lowered even more.

The total cost for building such

conveyor belts would be NIS 16,000 per

meter (as opposed to NIS 307,000 per

meter for subway infrastructure). Besides

electricity expenses, there are almost no

routine expenses to running the belt,

as opposed to a subway, which requires

expensive routine maintenance. Many

rabbis hold that a pedestrian conveyor belt

Pollution from cars

could be cut to a

third of current levels

by switching from

tree-shaped street

planning to grid-

shaped planning