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The Metropolitan Jerusalem Master Plan

The Metropolitan Jerusalem Master Plan



proposed transportation system for serving

the Horkania Airport is based largely on

existing and planned roads. Connection

with the coastal lowland will occur in two

ways, which will be built in two stages for

budgetary reasons. In the initial stage, the

road circumventing Jerusalem from the

north, based on Routes 45 and 443, will

be developed and widened. In the second

stage, the central Route 2 will be built and

widened. The problem with the immediate

use of this route is that Jerusalem is right

in the middle – between the Adumim

plain and Sha’ar HaGai. The proposed

solution is to dig a tunnel under the city

which would connect the Adumim plain

region with the Sha’ar HaGai region. After

completing the construction of these

roads, there will be good transportation

accessibility to these areas.

Additionally, high-speed train tracks

will need to be laid, connecting the airport

with the national railway via Jerusalem.

As stated, though the steep incline from

the airport to Jerusalem will present an

engineering challenge; however, innovative

Canadian technology is available for this.

If the political situation and economic

demands bring about good use of the

airport for tourists to and from Jordan, it

will also be possible to continue the railway

east to Amman, improving the quality of

the roads and the number of lanes going


The Port of Peace

Along with tourism considerations

in favor of Horkania as the location for

the airport, the airport could present an

opportunity for cooperation with the Arab

residents of Judea and Samaria. Arab

leadership could be asked to establish

and operate the airport commonly, which

could contribute to Israel in terms of

transportation, economy, security, and

politics. Of course, all of this relies on the

resolution of current political problems.

The Arabs of Judea and Samaria have

The new airport will be

designed for intake of

millions of passengers each

year, many of whom are

expected to arrive from the

Far East to visit Jerusalem.

The Chinese delegation to

the Jerusalem March 2013


Two parallel 3800-meter runways are

planned for the Horkania Airport, which

will serve all civilian passenger planes

used for international aviation service

today, plus those planned for service in

the foreseen future. The runways will be

equipped for landing under any weather


The airport’s capacity will be between

20-35 million passengers a year. The

central passenger terminal will be used for

ticketing, baggage check, passport control,

customs, and baggage claim for returning

passengers. From this building, all

passengers will be taken to their extensions

to wait for their flights, by internal trains

which will travel back and forth along

the entire airport, with stops at every


Development of the Airport

Our proposal is to develop the

Horkania Airport in two main stages, with

each of the runways being developed,

and all ground and air facilities needed for

its operation being developed along with

them. The progression from the first stage

(where one runway will be developed) to

the second (two runways) will be carried

out according to the scope of activity on

the ground and allow for increasing annual

passenger capacity from some 20 million

per year at the initial stage to 35 million at

the second stage.

Analysis of international data shows

that with one runway serving both landing

and takeoff, with various types of aircraft

and their varying speeds, about 240,000

takeoffs and landings could be carried out

annually. With two independent runways,

370,000 would be possible. Assuming that

the average occupancy of an airplane is

125 passengers – the standard baseline

for such aviation calculations – then each

individual runway could fly 30 million

passengers a year – and on two, some 46

million. Even a more modest, realistic

The airport’s capacity

will be between 20-

35 million passengers

a year, and should be

developed in two main


estimation would yield 20 million using

one and 35 with both running parallel to

each other.

Building the Horkania airport will

require upgrading the transportation

system in the region. To give an idea of

the initial stage requirements – wherein

the airport is meant to have a capacity of

20 million passengers annually – analysis

of anticipated travelers to the airport in

private vehicles shows that there would

be some 75,000 people coming and going

each day in an estimated 60,000 private

vehicles. These vehicles will be traveling

along different routes – Route 1 to the

west (50,000 vehicles), Route 90 to the

north (7,000 vehicles), and Route 90 to

the south (3,000 vehicles). There are also

about 25,000 passengers expected to arrive

by public transportation (trains and buses)

on peak activity days. As stated, these

numbers will require new transportation

infrastructure, mainly going west to

Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. In the short term,

there will be a need for one lane in each

direction, with additional slow lanes on

steep hillsides. In the long-term, there

must be the option of adding a lane in

each direction.

For this purpose, there must be a

connecting route to the Tel Aviv-Ben

Gurion-Jerusalem-Horkania interchange

via Route 90. This road will serve traffic

and cargo going to the airport and will

assist in the airport’s functioning as a

backup to Ben Gurion Airport. The